26.10.2014

Type 95 Ha-gō or Ke-gō / Kyū-gō.

Tyypin 95 kevyt panssarivaunu Ha-gō (jap. 九五式軽戦車 ハ号, Kyūgo-shiki keisensha Ha-gō) on japanilainen kevyt panssarivaunu jota käytti Keisarillinen Japanin armeija. 
Vaunutyyppi tunnettiin myöskin nimillä Ke-gō sekä Kyū-gō. 
Vaunu suunnitteltiin ja protyypit valmistettiin 1930-luvulla. 
Tuotanto päättyi 1943, jolloin noin 2 300 kpl vaunuja oli ehditty valmistaa eri versioina.

Saman konstruktion pohjalta kehiteltiin erikois-2-tyypin moottorijahti Ka-Mi, mutta sen tuotanto ja käyttö jäivät suhteellisen vähäiseksi.
Vaunun pääase oli 37 mm:n tykki. Tykin vieressä yksi 7,7 mm kk ja toinen rungossa.
Mitsubishi diesel moottorin teho oli 120 hp ja vaunun toimintamatka oli 250 km. 
Suurin maantienopeus oli 45 km/t.  
Vaunutyyppi saavutti alkuun menestystä, mutta lähinnä heikommin aseistautunutta vastapuolta vastaan, kuten Mantšuriassa. 
Vaunu osoittautui myöhemmin melko tehottomaksi esimerkiksi amerikkalaisten M4 Sherman-vaunuja vastaan taistellessa.
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Type: Light tank
Place of origin: Empire of Japan
Service history: Used by Empire of Japan, Thailand, People's Republic of China,
South Korea, France, USSR
Wars: Second World War, Chinese Civil War, First Indochina War, Korean War
Production history: Designed 1933–1934 Produced 1936–1943
Number built: 2,300
Weight: 7.4 t (7.3 long tons; 8.2 short tons) 
Length: 4.38 m (14 ft 4 in) 
Width: 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) 
Height: 2.18 m (7 ft 2 in) 
Crew: 3 
Armament:Type 98 37 mm gun and 2 × 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun
Engine: Mitsubishi A6120VDe air-cooled inline 6-cylinder 14.4 L diesel
120 hp (90 kW) at 1800 rpm 
Suspension: Bell crank
Range: 250 kilometers
Speed: 45 km/h (28 mph) on road
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The Type 95 Ha-Gō (九五式軽戦車 ハ号 kyūgo-shiki kei-sensha Ha-Gō?) (also known as Ke-Go or Kyu-Go) was a light tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army in combat operations of the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in the Second World War. 

It proved sufficient against infantry; however, like the American M3 Stuart, it was not designed to fight other tanks. Approximately 2,300 units were produced, making it the most numerous Japanese armored fighting vehicle of the time.
The Type 95 was a 7.4-tonne vehicle with a complement of 3 crewmen: a commander, a hull machine gunner, and a driver. Only the commander was seated in the turret, hence he was responsible for observation, loading, aiming, firing the main gun, as well as decision-making and commanding the crew. The hand-operated turret was small and extremely cramped.
The primary armament of the most produced version was a Type 98 37 mm gun with the barrel length of 46.1 calibers. It elevated between −15 to +20 degrees. The tank carried two types of 37 mm ammunition, the high-explosive and armor-piercing. For the latter, muzzle velocity was 675–700 m/s, and the armor penetration was 25 mm at a distance of 500 m.

Secondary armament consisted of two 7.7 mm Type 97 light machine guns, one mounted in the hull and the other in the turret, not coaxially with the main gun but facing to the rear right (that is, in the five-o-clock direction).
The most characteristic feature of the Type 95 tank was its simple suspension system. Two bogie wheels were suspended on a single bell crank with two bell cranks per side. The tracks were driven through the front sprockets. 
There were two return wheels. 

The suspension had troubles early on, with a tendency to pitch so badly on rough ground that the crew sometimes found it impossible to drive at any speed, and so it was modified with a brace to connect the pairs of bogies. Despite this, the tank continued to give its users a rough ride across any uneven ground. 
It was provided with an interior layer of asbestos, primarily to isolate the crew from the sun-heated armor plates, but also to protect from injury when the tank moved at high speed across rough terrain.

Type 95 was fitted with 120 hp (89.5 kW) Mitsubishi A6120VDe air-cooled diesel engine.


Some tanks were fitted with two reflectors in the front of the vehicle for night operations.

12 kommenttia:

  1. Vastaukset
    1. Hello Rodger.
      Yap.
      Small and cute...
      ...and (I remember) the same manufacturer as your car: Mitsubishi.

      Poista
  2. Vastaukset
    1. Hello, J-C
      :) Yes.
      Small men = small tanks.
      Another way is like West's movie.
      Big men = big "iron"

      Poista
  3. Vastaukset
    1. Hello Phil.
      Yes, a small and "pretty" Japanese tank.

      Poista
  4. Great posts, could you do ww1 tanks and armoured cars

    VastaaPoista
    Vastaukset
    1. Hello
      Thank you for your comment.
      Very good note
      Answer: Some of the WW-I tanks (conventional) can be found in the right side list.
      Instead, armored cars missing (almost) all.
      This is a fairly new site is it (yet) little incomplete, but I'll try to correct...
      I'm a little spontaneous and this reason my little stories makes "Mambos" , jumping up and down. This means my timeline is not mostly very logical

      Poista
  5. Very cool! There's one outside of a museum on Waikiki Beach in Hawaii http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-LyjRmEzS10Q/T-XVCua_BTI/AAAAAAAAD8I/uUBjCIJB3Ww/s1600/20120330_123402.jpg

    VastaaPoista
    Vastaukset
    1. Hello, DeanM
      Thank you for your comment, and a fine tip.
      We also have one museum where you can find up to Sherman
      Google / Parola Tank Museum - The Armour Museum in Finland ...

      Poista

Any explosive ammunition or empty cores, you can put in this.