T-20 Komsomolets

T-20 Komsomolets (ven. бронированный гусеничный тягач "Комсомолец" Т-20) panssaroitu telaketjutraktori suunniteltiin vuoden 1936 lopulla Moskovan Ordžonikidzen tehdas nro 37:lla. 
Niitä valmistettiin vuosien 1937 ja 1941 välisenä aikana pääasiassa tehtaalla nro 37, mutta myös STZ:lla ja GAZ:lla.
Vaunusta rakennettiin tehdas nro 92:llä Gorkissa vuosina 1941–1942 myös noin sata ZiS-30-panssarintorjuntavaunua varustamalla se 57 mm ZiS-2-panssarintorjuntatykillä.

T-20 armored tractor Komsomolets (Russian: Bronirovannyy gusenichnyy tyagach Komsomolets T-20, armored continuous track tractor T-20) was a prime mover vehicle used by the Soviet Union during the Winter War and World War II.

he T-20 was designed in 1936 at the Ordzhonikidze Moscow Plant no.37. They were manufactured during 1937-1941 at Factory no. 37, as well as at STZ and GAZ.
The tractor was designed to tow light artillery pieces such as the 45mm anti-tank gun and the 120mm heavy mortar. The tractor could tow the weapons themselves plus a small quantity of ammunition, usually towed in a limber, along with up to six crewmen. Occasionally, two limbers were towed to increase the ammunition supply.
T-20 Komsomolets
Komsomolets armored tractor helsinki 2.jpg
Finnish T-20 artillery tractor
TypeArtillery tractor
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
Used by Soviet Union
 Nazi Germany
Romania Romania
Hungary Hungary
WarsWorld War II
Production history
Weight3.5 tonnes
Length3.45 m
Width1.86 m
Height1.58 m

Armor7–10 mm
7.62mm DT machine gun
Engine4-cylinder GAZ-M
50 hp (37 kW)
Power/weight14 hp/tonne
250 km
Speed50 km/h

The forward compartment provided space for the driver and vehicle commander. It was fully armored and had a ball-mounted DT machinegun. The rear compartment held the gun crews, seated back-to-back in outward-facing bench seats. A canvas top could be erected for protection in poor weather.

Approximately 4401 T-20 tractors were built between 1937 and 1941.

Although the Komsomolets T-20 armored tractor was designed as a prime mover, some vehicles were used in combat during 1941. The tractor was employed as a tankette.

The T-20 tractor was used by the Red Army during the Winter War and during World War II. During Operation Barbarossa, some T-20 tractors were used as armored fighting vehicles, though after 1941 they were used only as artillery tractors.

Both Finland and Nazi Germany used captured vehicles. In the spring and summer of 1943, Romania refurbished 34 captured T-20 armored tractors, officially known as "Șenileta Ford rusesc de captură" (captured Soviet Ford small armoured vehicle) at Rogifer Factory (formerly known as Malaxa). Because the T-20 used a Ford motor built under license and Romania had a Ford truck plant in Bucharest, the overhaul and maintenance were simple tasks. 

The tractors were used to tow the German 50 mm PaK 38 antitank gun. The 5th and 14th Infantry Divisions received twelve units each, the 2nd Armoured Regiment received six tractors and the 5th Cavalry Division received four units in August 1944. All vehicles were lost in combat or confiscated by the Red Army after King Michael's Coup.

An expedient variant was built in 1941, the ZiS-30, mounting the ZIS-2 57mm anti-tank gun.
The Germans also modified some captured examples by mounting a 3.7 cm Pak 36 anti-tank gun on top.

2 kommenttia:

  1. Very cool. it's tiny, some great old photos, I never seen this machine before

    1. Good morning, the S-K.
      Thank you for your comment.
      The great thing if I can show you something "new"
      Sorry, my answer is a little imyöhässä

      Now is monday morning, and I was away for the weekend ...
      ...so, now must drink (forced) morningcaffee, its fresh (3x mug)


Any explosive ammunition or empty cores, you can put in this.