Romanian role WW-II Part-2

Following the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, the Kingdom of Romania under King Carol II officially adopted a position of neutrality. 


However, the rapidly changing situation in Europe during 1940, as well as domestic political upheaval, undermined this stance. Fascist political forces such as the Iron Guard rose in popularity and power, urging an alliance with Nazi Germany and its allies.


As the military fortunes of Romania's two main guarantors of territorial integrity, France and Britain, crumbled in the Fall of France, the government of Romania turned to Germany in hopes of a similar guarantee, unaware that the then dominant European power had already granted its consent to Soviet territorial claims in a secret protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, signed back in 1939.
Romanian Tacam T 60

                                                     Romanian tank Caesar's heir

In summer 1940, a series of territorial disputes were resolved unfavorably to Romania, resulting in the loss of most of the territory gained in the wake of World War I . This caused the popularity of Romania's government to plummet, further reinforcing the fascist and military factions, who eventually staged a coup that turned the country into a fascist dictatorship under Mareșal Ion Antonescu. The new regime firmly set the country on a course towards the Axis camp, officially joining the Axis powers on 23 November 1940. "When it's a question of action against the Slavs , you can always count on Romania," Antonescu stated ten days before the start of Operation Barbarossa.

                                                                 Romanian R-35 tank

As a member of the Axis, Romania joined the invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, providing equipment and oil to Nazi Germany as well as committing more troops to the Eastern Front than all the other allies of Germany combined. Romanian forces played a large role during the fighting in Ukraine , Bessarabia , Stalingrad , and elsewhere. Romanian troops were responsible for the persecution and massacre of up to 260,000 Jews on Romanian-controlled territories, though most Jews living within Romania survived the harsh conditions. 

                                                        Romanian Schneider 47 mm gun

After the tide of war turned against the Axis, Romania was bombed by the Allies from 1943 onwards and invaded by advancing Soviet armies in 1944.  With popular support for Romania's participation in the war faltering and German-Romanian fronts collapsing under Soviet onslaught, King Michael of Romania led a coup d'état , which deposed the Antonescu regime and put Romania on the side of the Allies for the remainder of the war. 


Despite the Red Army's presence in Romania, Stalin not only left the king on his throne, but awarded him Russia's highest military order for his part in the coup. Further showing his intent following Yalta, to abet the restoration of the powers of the ancien regimes probellum, Stalin and local Communist leaders officially honored the clerical-nationalist official churches. {Deutscher, Stalin (1967), p. 519}

Despite this late association with the winning side, Greater Romania was largely dismantled, losing territory to Bulgaria and the Soviet Union , but regaining Northern Transylvania from Hungary. Approximately 370,000 Romanian soldiers died during the war, most of them while in Soviet captivity.

3 kommenttia:

  1. Vastaukset
    1. Hi Rodger
      The story was slightly lacking something
      The my old concept who waiting for two years
      I put up too hasty.
      I need to fix this to little longer...

  2. I fix this error some nice days, in the future..


Any explosive ammunition or empty cores, you can put in this.