6.12.2016

Sotalapset - The (outsiders) war children's

During World War II some 70,000 Finnish children (Finnish: sotalapset, the 'war children' Swedish: krigsbarn) were evacuated from Finland, chiefly to Sweden, but also to Norway and Denmark. 
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Not to be confused with the Finnish children who were born during World War II in Finland (baby boomers), or with the Finnish children who were born to foreign troops and Finnish women during World War II.
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The idea of children's asylum, security and change, was originally a Swedish state idea, which the Finnish government approves, and the contract was awarded, and 15,000 child move the swedis land. Swedish state would guarantee their safety, care for they all, and pay for all these costs. 

A short time later, when the children came from a lot (continue war) control and inspection inside of families, is no longer worked so well.


In Sweden, children's birth rate fell, and was very low in the 1930s, and for example, the labor force was already is little short supply, so new blood is needed.














Sotalapset (ruots. finländska krigsbarn) ovat lapsia, jotka lähetettiin Suomesta toista maailmansotaa pakoon muihin Pohjoismaihin, lähinnä Ruotsiin. Talvi- ja jatkosodan aikana 1939–1945 Suomesta siirrettiin Ruotsiin, Tanskaan ja Norjaan yhteensä lähes 80 000 lasta. Ruotsiin vietiin tai lähti noin 72 000 lasta, Tanskaan 4 200 ja Norjaan noin sata lasta ja äitiä. Noin 15 500 heistä jäi palaamatta Suomeen.

Talvisodan aikana Ruotsissa levisi tunnuslause Finlands sak är vår! ("Suomen asia on meidän!"). Maa tarjosi heti turvapaikkaa Suomen lapsille. Suomi olisi halunnut auttamisen tapahtuvan ensisijaisesti Suomessa ja kieltäytyi aluksi. Ruotsalaiset hyväntekeväisyyttä harjoittavat naiset sopivat asiasta Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheimin kanssa. Ruotsi oli jo aikaisemmin ottanut vastaan sotalapsia, mutta ei näin suurta määrää.

Ensimmäiset sotalapset matkustivat Turusta Tukholmaan 15. joulukuuta 1939 Arcturus-laivalla. Valtaosa lapsista kuljetettiin myöhemmin rautateitse pimennetyin ikkunoin varustetuilla junilla Tornion-Haaparannan raja-aseman kautta. Ensisijaisesti mukaan otettiin kaupunkilaislapsia – kaupungit olivat yleensä myös suurimman pommiuhan kohteita. Talvisodan päätyttyä lapsia palautettiin Suomeen, mutta jatkosodan aikana lapsia vietiin Ruotsiin uudelleen. Palautukset Ruotsista jatkuivat läpi koko 1940-luvun.

Keskustelu sotalapsista käynnistyi Neuvostoliiton sortumisen jälkeen 1990-luvulla. Sotalapset järjestäytyivät ja perustivat ensimmäisen yhdistyksensä Suomessa vuonna 1991 ja Ruotsissa vuotta myöhemmin.

26. huhtikuuta 2005 paljastettiin Haaparannalla kuningas Kaarle XVI Kustaan ja presidentti Tarja Halosen läsnä ollessa sotalasten muistolle omistettu, helsinkiläisen arkkitehti Anna Jäämeri-Ruusuvuoren tekemä sotalapsipatsas.








Most were evacuated during the Continuation War (1941-1944) to ease the situation for their parents who set out to rebuild their homes in the re-conquered Karelia returning from the 1940 evacuation of Finnish Karelia. The first surge of evacuees arrived, however, during the Winter War when the Finns had reasons to fear a humanitarian catastrophe following the expected Soviet occupation.

In retrospect, the evacuation has been considered psychologically flawed, as the separations turned out to inflict a far greater damage on the evacuees than the damage suffered by those children who had remained with their parents in Finland. In comparison to Finland's approximately 23,000 military casualties in the Winter War, the 66,000 in the Continuation war, and the total of 2,000 civilian casualties – and the roughly equally many seriously wounded – the war children were, of course, not physically injured, let alone killed. However, their number is of about the same size as that of the war invalids, and many of them feel their sufferings to be ignored.

Fate
After the war, Finland experienced times of economic hardship, and also substantial insecurity with regard to the Soviet Union's plans for Finland, which resulted in the delay of the return of the children for several years. Ultimately, about 20% of the war children stayed with their foster families after the war, who often adopted them. Many more returned to Sweden as adults, when the prolonged post-war hardship in Finland pushed large contingents of unemployed Finns to Sweden's booming economy in the 1950s–60s.


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2005 film – Mother of Mine
Mother of Mine (Finnish: Äideistä parhain, Swedish: Den bästa av mödrar) is a 2005 Finnish-Swedish film directed by Klaus Härö about a Finnish war child who is sent by his mother to live in Sweden during World War II. The film is based on a novel by Heikki Hietamies. It received good reviews from the Finnish press, and was selected as Finland's submission for Best Foreign Language Film at the 78th Academy Awards.



Many children have experience so the harsh discipline and order, especially in Sweden, like also pedophilia, and their many exploitations, which was common part so many childrens, in this war times, and later, who are part they adoptive parents, or theirs parents methods, and this are use so many particularly strict religious families
or so-called, the "Betters people" families.

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