Russian Civil War parties involved

The Russian Civil War (Russian: Гражда́нская война́ в Росси́и, tr. Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiy; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future. 

The two largest combatant groups were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favoring monarchism, capitalism and alternative forms of socialism, each with democratic and antidemocratic variants. In addition, rival militant socialists and nonideological Green armies fought against both the Bolsheviks and the Whites. Eight foreign nations intervened against the Red Army, notably the Allied Forces and the pro-German armies. 

The Red Army defeated the White Armed Forces of South Russia in Ukraine and the army led by Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak in Siberia in 1919. The remains of the White forces commanded by Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel were beaten in Crimea and evacuated in late 1920. Lesser battles of the war continued on the periphery for two more years, and minor skirmishes with the remnants of the White forces in the Far East continued well into 1923. 
Russian Civil War
Clockwise from top: Soldiers of the Don Army in 1919; a White infantry division in March 1920; soldiers of the 1st Cavalry ArmyLeon Trotsky in 1918; hanging of workers in Yekaterinoslav by the Austro-Hungarian Army, April 1918.
DateNovember 7, 1917 – October 25, 1922/June 16, 1923 (Revolt against Soviet rule continued in Central Asia until 1934)
LocationFormer Russian EmpireMongoliaTuvaPersia
ResultVictory for the Red Army in RussiaUkraineBelarusSouth CaucasusCentral AsiaTuva, and Mongolia;
Victory for pro-independence movements in FinlandEstoniaLatviaLithuania, and Poland
Establishment of the Soviet Union; Independence of FinlandEstoniaLatviaLithuania and Poland
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russian SFSR (7 November 1917–30 December 1922)
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (20 November 1917–30 December 1922)

 Green armies (1919–1920)

 Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (1918–1920)

Allied Intervention

Pro-German armies

 Green armies (1920)

 Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (1920–1921)
Other Factions

Various anti-soviet factions also fought among each other.
Commanders and leaders

 Nestor Makhno
Russia Alexander Kolchak Executed
Russia Lavr Kornilov 
Russia Anton Denikin
Russia Pyotr Wrangel

103,000 Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
2,400,000 White Russians
Casualties and losses
259,213 killed
60,059 missing
616,605 died of disease/wounds
3,878 died in accidents/suicides
548,857 wounded/frostbitten
At least 1,500,000

Armed national resistance in Central Asia was not completely crushed until 1934. There were an estimated 7,000,000 –12,000,000 casualties during the war, mostly civilians. The Russian Civil War has been described by some as the greatest national catastrophe that Europe had yet seen.

Many pro-independence movements emerged after the break-up of the Russian Empire and fought in the war. Several parts of the former Russian Empire - Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland - were established as sovereign states, with their own civil wars and wars of independence. The rest of the former Russian Empire was consolidated into the Soviet Union shortly afterwards.

Ei kommentteja:

Lähetä kommentti

Any explosive ammunition or empty cores, you can put in this.